The key objective of this joint research is to understand the successful (policy) measures aimed at making mobility patterns more sustainable by learning from the experiences of twenty case studies. Results of a sustainable mobility pattern are different for each case. Some examples of policy targets in these case studies are
..the reduced amount of transport kilometers, lesser, shorter trips, lesser peak hour kilometers
..cleaner transport modes; more energy efficient transport and driving
..transport which is less dependent on fossil fuels, green transport modes
..attractive cities with less congestion, less noise and air quality problems
Besides the successfulness and effectiveness of policy measures this research also attempts to identify what specific circumstances were present at the local/regional level. Special attention is also given to the role of the participating public and private actors and other stakeholders. An underlying question is how private end-users, private companies and public organisations make their choices, and how these behavioural aspects influence the success of local/regional implementation. This fits the challenge to find out what the (potential) value of behavior and behavior theories could be in the performance and impact of policy measures. The GPS consortium believes that underlying (feedback) mechanisms, including social and psychological factors, play a crucial role.
Finally, the research has the ambition to present recommendations that could be applied in practice. For example, when insight is acquired an important challenge is how national legislation and national policy measures can support these local/ regional implementation processes. What are the steps to be taken in these processes?
This GPS consortium is coordinated by Royal HaskoningDHV (the Netherlands), supported by Tanja Topconsult. Partners are the University of Lund (Sweden) and DIFU from Germany.