Shaping Sustainable Transport Patterns in European Cities
The SHAPE-IT project focuses on the factors that influence the effectiveness of sustainable transport policies focusing on the integration of policies and policy processes. The project will help explaining, why policies are successful in one place, but not in another. To do that the project will examine the influence of policy processes and the role of policy integration on the ability of a measure to influence behaviour.
The project will bring together the analyses from the policy integration cases and process case studies and compare the results and explore the potential of Sustainable Urban Mobility Plans (SUMPs) as tool for policy integration and participatory processes. This will allow the identification of key factors for success and failure and identify the opportunities to enhance the effectiveness of policies through integration and participatory processes.
The cases will also be compared to less successful implementations of the chosen measures to highlight the factors that influence the extent to which a policy potential can be utilized. The case studies will also examine in which way the selected policies include relevant steps to motivate people to change their travel behaviour, using four steps of analysis: recognition of undesirable situations, creation of attractive alternatives, information about and understanding of the alternatives, and motivation for behaviour change.
Covering all four funding partner countries of the Stepping Stones programme, SHAPE-IT allows enriching interaction between partners and between the city officials involved in the project. The cities that will be involved in the project (Munich, Utrecht, Stockholm, Krakow and Lund) have shown a high level of interest in the project approach and in the exchange of experiences with their counterparts in other European countries. A better understanding and exchange about different approaches to policy development and participation will foster policy effectiveness in the participating countries and in Europe more widely.
The SHAPE-IT project is coordinated by the Wuppertal Institute (WI) and partners are: Rupprecht Consult (RC), the Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute (VTI), the Energy Research Centre of the Netherlands (ECN) and the Cracow University of Technology (CUT). Working paper will be available in May 2014 on the website: http://shape-it-project.eu/ and a final conference will be organised in Cracow in September.